The leaf area exposed to sunlight, known as the grapevine canopy, captures sun energy to perform photosynthesis, regulate water use through transpiration, and modulate the microclimate of ripening grapes. Determinations about how much canopy is enough, as compared with too much or too little, are critical during the early stages of […]

During maceration, red wine develops its phenolic and aromatic profile. The outcome of maceration depends on multiple factors including fruit composition, chemical processes and winemaking techniques. How do common winemaking techniques affect the chemical and sensory properties of wine? Federico Casassa presented on this topic at our 2016 Vintage Report […]

Historical context Why measuring sap flow leads to understanding nutrient uptake? All vine organs are connected via the sap. Thanks to the flow of sap, nutrients are distributed to plant organs. For the last 10 years sap flow technogies have given new insights into how much water flows from vine […]

A new technique to manage irrigation in the vineyard The regulation of vine transpiration is a fundamental process that determines the harvest quality. Continuously monitoring the vine transpiration helps to characterize the intensity of water deficit. Transpiration level reflects the simultaneous effects of climate, water, soil and varietal on water […]

The Fruition blog is dedicated to dissecting current vintage effect on vineyard production worldwide. It is rooted in research in oenology and viticulture and is based on vine physiological data. It provides well-informed insights on how the ongoing vintage is shaping the vineyard and ultimately the wine. On a regular […]