The Cool Night Index The Cool Night Index was created to study nocturnal conditions of grapes ripening according to the different wine-making regions (Tonietto, 1999 ; Tonietto et Carbonneau, 2004). By convention, this index is also called nycthermal index and is equivalent in the North Hemisphere to the minimum temperature […]

This discussion is a follow up with our last blog on the 2017 maturation What is the situation end of september? A general disorder in sugar accumulation is observed in northern California. The trend is widespread and shows sluggish sugar accumulation rate across many different vineyards. The extend of the phenomenon indicates […]

If you read this blog you are probably interested in understanding the complexity of vine response to contrasted environmental conditions. Everyday scientific results shed new light on plant mechanisms which, if they are properly understood, can help the winegrower optimizing his practices. Today, we discuss the relationship between :root temperature, […]

Phenolics within the grape play an important role in a wine’s sensorial properties, such as color, astringency, mouthfeel, and bitterness. For example, increasing the size of tannin molecules will increase astringency, or a higher level of epicatechin-3-O-gallate (ECG) will lead to more chalky dryness and a lower coarseness.  Thus, vineyard […]