The purpose of stratified sampling is to remove sources of noise when collecting vineyard data. In turn, analyzing  “cleaner” data improves the ability to monitor vineyard performances precisely. To implement a stratified sampling strategy, it is necessary to focus: over a small vineyard area so we can remove the effect […]

Phenolics within the grape play an important role in a wine’s sensorial properties, such as color, astringency, mouthfeel, and bitterness. For example, increasing the size of tannin molecules will increase astringency, or a higher level of epicatechin-3-O-gallate (ECG) will lead to more chalky dryness and a lower coarseness.  Thus, vineyard […]